What to Know About Chlamydia
What is Chlamydia?
Chlamydia is a type of Sexually Transmitted Infection or STI that is caused by the causative agent Chlamydia trachomatis, a bacterium which only infects the human. Even though we typically think of STD, still, Chlamydia refers to an infection that is caused by some species of a certain bacterial family, the Chlamydiaceae.
Chlamydia is known as the usual communicable cause of eye and genital diseases to humans. It has been the leading STI bacteria worldwide.
Facts about Chlamydia
Chlamydia is known as the most commonly reported bacteria of STD in US. In the year 2010, more than one million cases of chlamydial infections were accounted to CDC which came from fifty states as well as Columbia district.
Under-reporting is also substantial because lots of people that have Chlamydia aren’t aware that they have the infections in their body. Hence, they don’t bother seeking for a test that would prove their disease.
Likewise, the testing isn’t done that often whenever patients are being treated for the symptoms that have arisen. Annually, an estimated 2.8M infection cases occur in US. The women are commonly re-infected whenever their partners aren’t treated yet.
What are the Symptoms of Chlamydia?
Chlamydia is recognized as “silent disease” for the reason that, majority of the infected people show no symptoms at all. Whenever symptoms have occurred, they usually come out within one to three weeks after the exposure.
In women, such bacteria infect first the urethra and the cervix. Women experiencing the symptoms may exhibit unusual vaginal discharge and/or burning sensation during urination. Whenever the infection has already spread from the women’s cervix into those fallopian tubes, some women may still exhibit no symptoms.
Others may experience then pain at the lower part of abdomen and back, fever, nausea, pain during the intercourse, or blood loss amid menstrual periods. The infection in the cervix may also progress in the rectum.
Men experiencing the symptoms may have discharge coming from his penis, or burning sensation during urination. Also, men may experience itching and burning sensation around the penis’ opening. Swelling and pain in testicles tend to be uncommon.
Women or men who have gone through a true anal intercourse might acquire the infection along the rectum that may cause the person experiencing it feel rectal pain, bleeding, or discharge. Chlamydia may likewise originate in men and women’s throats if oral sex was done with infected partner.
How is Chlamydia Diagnosed?
Chlamydia can be diagnosed through self-observation, physical examination, and medical history that would include getting a cervical tissue sample using cotton swab, then it will be sent to laboratory for analysis. Researchers nowadays are working regarding the urine test development which will likewise be included as one of the diagnostic examination for Chlamydia. In this case, the screening for the disease would become more accessible.
Also, the sexual partners in the previous sixty days must be screened if chlamydia will be diagnosed to the partner.
What is the Treatment of Chlamydia?
Chlamydia could be treated easily and may be cured using antibiotics. A dose of the so-called Azithromycin or one week usage of Doxycycline two times a day may be taken as prescribed by the doctor. These are the usual treatments that are used in treating Chlamydia. Those persons that are HIV positive and has a chlamydia must receive similar treatment with those that are negatively diagnosed with HIV.
All the sexual partners must be assessed, tested, and then treated. Those persons who have chlamydia must certainly abstain from having sexual intercourse in a week after taking a dose of the antibiotics or after the completion of the antibiotics for seven days.
For those women whose partners haven’t been treated appropriately yet, are more likely to experience re-infection. By having these multiple infections, women have an increased risk of having serious complications in their reproductive health that would include infertility.
Men and women who happen to have chlamydia must be re-diagnosed three months right after the treatment of the initial infection, despite their beliefs that their partners were already treated.
The Possible Consequences of Untreated Chlamydia
If Chlamydia is left untreated, the chlamydial infections may progress into some serious reproductive problem as well as any other problems that would concern the health of an individual with both its long term and short term consequences. Just like the infection itself, the impairment to the person that Chlamydia is causing happens to be silent more often.
How to Prevent or to Reduce the Transmission of Chlamydia?
If sexual intercourse is really inevitable, male may use latex condoms correctly and consistently.
Also, any symptom in the genital area like discharge, unusual rash or sore and burning sensation during urination may be considered as a stop sign of having sex. Consultation to healthcare provider should be done immediately.
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