What to Know about STDs
What are STDs?
STDs are also known as the Sexually Transmitted Diseases. It is an illness that has a high chance of being transmitted to other people through physical contacts like sexual intercourse which may include oral sex, anal sex, and vaginal intercourse.
Facts about STDs
In the recent years, STI or Sexually Transmitted Infections has been the preferred term of STD and VD (Venereal Diseases) because it has meaning with broader range. A person might get infected, who might possibly infect other persons too, without having any disease. Some of the STIs can likewise be transmitted through the utilization of intravenous drug needles right after it was used in a person that is infected by the disease. Also, it may be transmitted via childbirth and through breastfeeding. This type of disease is known for hundred years already.
Types of STDs
In the United States, there are more than 25 various types of STDs which could be transmitted through a sexual activity. The different kinds of STDs occur depending on the different causes. Below are the causes of STDs and under each cause are the types of STDs.
The most common types of STDs in individuals that are sexually active are:
- NGU or Chlamydia
- Human papillomavirus
- General warts
- Hepatitis C
- Hepatitis B
- Genital Herpes
- HIV or AIDS
Also, there have few uncommon kinds of STDs which are not usually seen in the United States. Such types that are less known might not be that prevalent across the North America. Yet, there are numerous parts around the world wherein frequent cases do happen. Some types of the STDs might be the outcome of Sexually Transmitted Diseases such as PID in women, wherein the vaginal infection might spread into the other female’s organs in the reproductive system. Hence, this may eventually lead to some serious complications such as ectopic pregnancy, severe pelvic pain, infertility, and many more. And so, some of these lesser known kinds of STDs are the following:
- Granuloma inguinale
Common Symptoms of STDs
Here are the common symptoms of STDs depending on its causative agent:
- Chlamydia symptoms might include pain at the lower abdomen; painful urination; vaginal discharge of women; vaginal discharge from men’s penis; women may experience painful sexual intercourse; and pain at the testicles in men.
- Gonorrhea symptoms might include bloody, thick, and cloudy discharge from men’s penis and women’s vagina; burning sensation or pain when urinating; swollen and painful testicles; unusual menstrual bleeding; bowel movements that are painful; and anal itching.
- Trichomoniasis symptoms might include discharge from men’s penis; white, clear, yellowish, or greenish vaginal discharge; very strong odor of women’s vagina; vaginal irritation or itching; irritation or itching in the penis, pain that is experienced during a sexual intercourse; and painful urination.
- Early symptoms of HIV might include headache; fever; lymph glands that are swollen; sore throat; fatigue; and rash.
- Chronic symptoms of HIV might include lymph nodes that are swollen which are said to be the initial symptoms of HIV; diarrhea; fever; weight loss;breathe shortness; and cough.
- Late symptoms of HIV might include unexplained, persistent fatigue; night sweats; high fever more than 38 C or shaking chills for a couple of weeks; chronic diarrhea, lymph nodes that are swollen for over 3 months; persistent headaches; and opportunistic, unusual infections.
The Consequences of STDs
Numerous potential risks may be associated to STDs and these include:
- Tubal or ectopic pregnancies that may be life threatening to a mother. Also, these are most of the times fatal to unborn babies.
- Babies who were born to mothers that have STDs may suffer severe damage or death as an effect of the disease of the mother.
- Cervical cancer has been almost always the result of STDs such as the HPV.
- Women having prior or current history that is associated to STDs like PID are more likely to experience infertility.
- Sometimes, STDs cause harm to other major organs of our body like kidneys, heart, and brain.
- The sad truth is that, some types of STDs like AIDS and HIV are fatal in the long run.
Who is More Susceptible to Acquiring STD?
- Teens may be considered as one of the persons who are at risk of acquiring STD because of some biological factors. The young generations have an immune system that is immature which are least likely to be able to fight an infection. Also, the cervical tissue of young women is different from those who are older; hence, they are more vulnerable in developing the infection.
- Because of the women’s anatomy, they are said to be susceptible to acquiring STD also as compared to men.
How to Reduce the Spread of STDs
- Abstinence is the ultimate way on how to reduce the spread of STD.
- Use of condoms.
- Be aware of the symptoms that may arise and consult a physician immediately.