Things You Have To Know About Vaginal Yeast Infection

Introduction

Vaginal yeast infection is one of the more prominent diseases that affect many women around the world. The infection referred to as candidiasis by health professionals, is triggered when there is over-population of yeast in the genital area. According to statistics, around 92% of these cases were caused by the yeast specie called candida albicans while the remaining 8% was infected by other forms of candida.
"Vaginal Yeast Infection"Yeast can be found all over the body, as they usually thrive in warm and moist places such as the vagina and mouth. Around20-50% of healthy women are not aware about the presence of yeast in their vaginal area due to the absence of symptoms. An infected person may experience itching, irritation, foul-smelling discharge, and vaginal inflammation.

Causes Of Vaginal Yeast Infection

A female genital part accommodates certain types of bacteria. These living organisms protect the vagina from bacteria and fungi that can cause infection. But there are factors that strip away these good bacteria and create havoc in the vagina’s immune system. Weak defense systems can strengthen the bad organisms, making them multiply and lead to vaginal yeast infection.

Antibiotics

Patients who are in antibiotic therapy are prone to vaginal yeast infection. An intravaginal and systematic antibiotic that is used to treat other bacteria-induced infection may be taken orally or inserted in the vagina. These antibiotics may also kill good bacteria present in the genital area during application. Thrush formation is one of the risk factors in taking any antibiotics, but in order to develop candidiasis, candida specie must be present in the affected area.

Corticosteroids

Corticosteroids are used to treat a wide variety of diseases from asthma, allergic reactions, inflammatory bowel disease, hepatitis, dermatitis, and arthritis or joint pain. It is also used in replacement therapies to deal with congenital adrenal hyperplasia and adrenal insufficiency. But taking corticosteroids also have adverse effects in someone’s health including), hypokalemia (insufficient potassium levels in the blood), hypertension (high-blood pressure) and hypermatremia (high blood sodium levels). People taking corticosteroids may also experience ulcer formation and poor healing of wounds due to low immune system which makes them more prone to infections like vaginal yeast infection.

Hormones

Certain events in women’s life like pregnancy make a huge impact not only to their bodies but to their hormones as well. Pregnancy, menopause, the use of birth control pills, ovulation, and even hormone therapy may cause vaginal yeast infection. The sudden change of hormonal levels like estrogen makes them more susceptible in thrush formation and infection. During pregnancy, recurring vaginal yeast infection is very common.

Other Factors That Contribute To Vaginal Yeast

Aside from the factors mentioned above, lifestyle can also trigger yeast infection. A little bit of knowledge about how women get yeast infections  and some lifestyle adjustments can make a person free from vaginal yeast infection.

Infection

A simple wound left untreated is prone to any infection. If a thrush, scarring or wound is found in the genital area, it is best to visit your trusted gynecologist and ask for treatments immediately. Do not self-medicate, as this may worsen the condition. According to studies, women who tried to treat themselves with over-the-counter medicines without seeking professional help ended up with worst conditions. Vaginal yeast infection and bacterial vaginosis, have similar symptoms like itching; the main reason why many women who make self-diagnosis mistaken the symptoms as yeast infection. Also, a good hygiene may also prevent infection.

Chemical

Good hygiene is one way of preventing vaginal yeast infection. But if not taken properly and overdoing it may produce unlikely results. Many commercially-available hygiene products are not suitable for vaginal use. Soaps, perfumed feminine wash and sprays may give pleasant smell down there but it strips away the good bacteria that keep the balance in the genital area. The absence of these organisms may promote fungus overgrowth and infection. In order to prevent this, use mild feminine wash that has the appropriate pH levels to maintain the acidity levels of the vagina.

Condoms

In practicing safe sex, using an inappropriate tool may not be safe after all. This is extremely true when it comes to choosing condoms. Latex, the most common material used in making condoms, can cause irritation, itching and burning sensation after sex. The yeast fungi present in female’s vagina may enter and infect the irritated part and cause vaginal yeast infection. To keep these post-intercourse discomforts at bay, keep a bottle of lubricant as latex condoms easily wear-off moisture. This will prevent wounds caused by excessive friction during intercourse.

Diet

Female diabetics who have uncontrolled blood sugar have higher chances of having vaginal yeast infection. It’s because candida species feed and get their energy from sugar. So if a person is suffering from it, it is best to avoid sugar including fructose or sugar found on fruits. Grains must also be deleted in yeast infection diet as starch will be converted to simple sugar after breaking down. Nuts, breads, cakes, pasta, legumes, dairy products, alcoholic beverages, dried fruits, and condiments that has sugar and vinegar. To avoid vitamin deficiency, the patient may take multivitamins. Vaginal yeast infection sufferers may also get nutrients from vegetables, fiber-rich foods, small servings of fresh fruits and complex carbohydrates.

Clothing

Tight-fitting bottoms and underwear can create warm and moist environment in women’s genital area, a perfect spot for candida growth. In order to prevent vaginal yeast infection, opt for clothes and underwear that promotes air circulation and allows the skin to breathe like cotton.

Sex

The use of vibrators or other sex toys during foreplay may cause vaginal scratches that can engender vaginal yeast infection. Insufficient lubrication may lead to excessive friction and aggravate infections.

Risk Factors Of Vaginal Yeast Infection

"candida albicans"Like any other diseases, there are groups of people who have the higher risk of developing vaginal yeast infection.

Weakened Immune System

People who have low immune systems are more prone to diseases including vaginal yeast infection. Pregnant women, cancer patients who undergo chemotherapy, and HIV/AIDS patients are known to have weak body defenses so they must do extra-efforts to deter infections.

Diabetes

Poorly managed diabetes is a sure-fire way to develop vaginal yeast infection. Keep your glucose levels in normal ranges to prevent the occurrence of infection.

Stress

Excessive stress can hit the body’s defenses into an all-time low, thus making a stressed person more vulnerable to infections like vaginal yeast infection. To fight it, get engaged in an active lifestyle, have proper diet, and learn to deal with stress properly.

Injury To The Inner Vagina

The vagina can get injured during sex and improper insertion of tampons. Wounds in the inner vagina are harder to treat since most wound treatments are not suitable for that area. It is best to ask gynecologists for better treatment options and ways to prevent vaginal yeast infection during the healing period.

How to Prevent Vaginal Yeast Infection

In this article, you’ll find that these are more likely to hit unhealthy individuals with suppressed immune systems. So in order to effectively eradicate the disease, strengthening the body’s defenses would be the first step. Couple it with regular exercise, proper diet, happy disposition in life, and stress management and you’ll be free of vaginal yeast infection.

Summary

Vaginal yeast infection may affect women in any age. In fact, around 75% of women admitted that they have been infected by yeast infection in some point in their lives while 5% experienced recurring episodes. Though most yeast infection may not be life-threatening, patients who have extremely low immune system that has vaginal yeast infection may lead to systemic Candidal disease wherein the infection spreads throughout the body and into the bloodstream if left untreated.